Fields of specialization: Economic, demographic and social history of Russia.

Education: M. A. in History, Leningrad (St. Petersburg) State University, 1965; I Ph.D. in Economic history, Institute of History of the USSR, 1969 — special fields: history of prices, statistics; II Ph.D. in History, Leningrad (St. Petersburg) State University, 1984 — special fields: economic history, social institutions of peasantry, demographic history.

Experience: Post-graduate study (1966-1969); Junior Research Fellow (1970-1983), Senior Research Fellow (1983-1986), Leading Research Fellow (1986-2009), Main Research Fellow in the St.-Petersburg Institute of History, Academy of Sciences of Russia.

Assistant Professor (1974-1983), Associate Professor (1983-1989), Professor (since 1990) in Petersburg State University. Taught courses on Russian History, Social History of Russia, Demographic History of Russia, Quantitative Methods in History, Methodology of History.

Visiting Research Fellow in Centre for Russian and East European Studies, University of Toronto, Canada. Winter 1989.

Visiting Research Fellow in Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Sciences Sociales, France. Summer 1990.

Viziting Research Fellow in Waseda University, Japan. Summer 1992.

Fellow, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, USA. September 1992—August 1993.

Visiting Research Fellow in Bielefeld University, Germany, June 1994.

Visiting Professor in University of Oregon, USA, January—April 1996.

Guest-Professor in Tuebingen University, Germany, October 1996—March 1997.

Fellow, Slavic Research Center, Hokkaido University, Japan, June 1997—March 1998.

Visiting Professor in California University (Davis), USA, July — October 2001.

Visiting Professor in Jilin University, China, September 2003.

Visiting Professor in Cincinnati University, USA, January 2005.

Visiting Professor in Jilin University, China, June 2005.

Visiting Professor in Jilin University, China, June 2010.

Visiting Professor in Jilin University, China, June 2012.



  1. Istorik i matematika (Matematicheskie metody v istoricheskom issledovanii) (Leningrad: Nauka, 1975). (Historian and Mathematics: Quantitative Methods in Historical Studies).
  2. Vnutrennii rynok v Rossii vo vtoroi polovine XYIII—pervoi polovine XIX v. (Leningrad: Nauka, 1981). (Internal Market in Russia in the Mid-Eighteenth– the Mid-Nineteenth Centuries).
  3. Istorik i sotsiologiia (Leningrad: Nauka, 1984). (Historian and Sociology).
  4. Khlebnye tseny za dva stoletiia (XYIII—XIX vv.) (Leningrad: Nauka, 1985). (Grain Prices in Russia in the 18th — the 19th  Centuries).
  5. Russkii gorod 1740-1870 gg.: Demograficheskoe, sotsial`noe i ekonomicheskoe razvitie (Leningrad: Nauka, 1990). (Russian Cities, 1740—1870: Demographic, Social and Economic Development).
  6. Istoriia v tsifrakh (Leningrad: Nauka, 1991) (History in Figures).
  7. Sotsial’naia istoriia Rossii perioda imperii (XVIII—nachalo XX v.): Genezis lichnosti, demokraticheskoi sem’i, grazgdanskogo obshchestva i pravovogo gosudarstva (St.Petersburg: Dm. Bulanin, 1999). Vol. 1, 2. 2nd ed. 2000; 3d ed. 2003. XL, 548+583 p., 87+55 ill. (Social History of Russia in the Imperial Period: The 18th  – early 20th Centuries: Genesis of Individual, Democratic Family, Civil Society and Lawful State. 2 vols)
  8. Social History of Imperial Russia (Boulder: Westview Press, 2000). Vol. 1, 2. 562+398 p.
  9. Social History of Russia in the Imperial Period: The 18th – early 20th Centuries: Genesis of Individual, Democratic Family, Civil Society and Lawful State. In 2 vols. / Translation into Chinese (Jinan: Shan-Dong University Press, 2006). 587+805 p.
  10. Istoericheskaia sotsiologia Rossii: Uchebnoe posobie (St.-Petersburg: Izdatel’skii dom St.-Petersburgskii gosudarstvennyi universitet, 2009). 536 p. (Historical sociology of Russia: Textbook).
  11. Blagosostoianie naselenia i revoliutsii v imperskoi Rossii: XVIII—nachalo XX veka (Moscow: Novyi Khronograf, 2010). 911 p. (Well-being of the Population and Revolutions in Imperial Russia: The 18th – early 20th Centuries).
  12. The Standard of Living and Revolutions in Russia, 1700–1917. London and New York: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, 2012. 668 p.
  13. Blagosostoianie naselenia i revoliutsii v imperskoi Rossii: XVIII—nachalo XX veka: 2nd ed. (Moscow: Novyi Khronograf, 2012). 848 p. (Well-being of the Population and Revolutions in Imperial Russia: The 18th – early 20th Centuries).
  14. Strasti po revoliutsii: Nravy v rossiiskoi istoriografii v vek informatsii (Moscow: Ves’ Mir, 2013). 336 p. (Passion about Revolution: The Mores of Russian Historiography in the Information Age).

ARTICLES in foreign languages

  1. «Die soziale Struktur russischen Bauernschaft XYI-XX,» Jahrbuch fur Wirtschafts Geshcichte, Bd. IV (Berlin, 1976).
  2. «Die Grundlagen der demographischen Entwicklung Russlands im 19. und Beginn des 20. Jarhanderts,» Jahrbuch fur Geschichte der sozialistischen Lander Europas, 25/1 (Berlin 1982).
  3. «The Russian Peasant Commune after the Reform of the 1860s,» Slavic Review, 1985, vol. 44, no. 3 (Fall 1985).
  4. «Le mouvement des prix des crales en Russie du XVIII-e sicle au debut du XX-esiecle,» Annales E.S.C., vol. 41, no. 1 (Janvier-F(vrier 1986).
  5. «In search of hidden information,» Social Science History, vol. 9, no. 4 (Fall 1985).
  6. «Historische psychologie und historisches Wissen,» in Sowietwissenschaft. Gesellschaft swissenschaftliche Beitr, T. 39, Heft 5 (1986).
  7. «Literacy in Russia, 1797-1917,» Soviet Studies in History, (Winter 1986/1987).
  8. «The Effect of Education on Economic Growth: The Russian Variant, Nineteenth-Twentieth Centuries,» in G. Tortella (ed.) Education and Economic Development Since the Industrial Revolution (Valencia: Generalitat Valenciana, 1990).
  9. «Russian Cerials from the 18th to the Beginning of the 20th Century,» in 17th International Congress of Historical Sciences. Grand themes methodologie sections chronologiques 1. Rapports et abreges (Madrid: Comite international des sciences historiques, 1990), pp. 293-294.
  10. «El efecto de la educacion sobre el crecimiento economico: El caso de Rusia. Siglos XIX y XX,» Revista de Historia Economica. Ano IX, no. 1 (Invierno 1991), (Spain, Madrid).
  11. «Les villes de Russie entre l’Occident et L’Orient (1750-1850),» Annales. Economies. Societes. Civilisations. 46-e Anne, no. 3 (Mai-Juin 1991).
  12. «The Development of Literacy in Russia and the USSR from the Tenth to the Twentieth Centuries,» History of Education Quarterly, vol. 31, no. 2 (Summer 1991).
  13. «The Economic Structure of Russian Towns in the Second Half of the 18th and the First Half of the 19th Centuries,» Historical Social Research (Historische Sozialforschung) The Official Journal of Quantum and Interquant. Center for Historical Social Research, no. 58, vol. 16 (1991), # 2.
  14. «Consequences of the Price Revolution in Eighteenth-century Russia,» The Economic History Review, 45, no. 3 (August 1992).
  15. «Urbanization in Russia: Russian Pre-Industrial City between East and West,» The Comparative Urban History Review, XI, No. 2 (1992) (Tokyo, Japan).
  16. «The Current Economic Crisis in Russia and its Causes: A Retrospective Approach,» Conan Economic Paper, 33, No. 2 (September 1992). (Kobe, Japan).
  17. «The Restoration of the Feudal Order in the USSR after the 1917 Revolution,» The Waseda Journal of Political Science and Economics, No. 315 (1993) (Tokyo, Japan).
  18. «Bureaucratic- or Self-Government: The Early Nineteenth Century Russian City,» Slavic Review, vol. 52, no. 2 (Summer 1993).
  19. «Much Ado about Nothing?,» Slavic Review, vol. 52, No. 3 (Fall 1993).
  20. 20.»Education y desarrollo economico en Rusia, siglos XIX y XX,» in Clara Eugenia Nunez y Gabriel Tortella (eds.) La maldicion divina. Ignorancia y atraso economico en perspectiva historica (Madrid: Alianza, 1993).
  21. «Peasant Popular Culture and the Origins of Soviet Authoritarianism,» in St. Frank and Mark D. Steinberg (eds.) Culture in Flux. Lower-Class Values, Practices, and Resistance in Late Imperial Russia (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994).
  22. «Work and Rest in Peasant Economy of European Russia in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries», in I. Blanchard (ed.) Labour and Leisure in Historical Perspective, Thirteenth to Twentieth Centuries (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1994).
  23. «Local Government in Russia in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century: Provincial Government and Government and Estate Self-Government,» Jarbucher fur Geschichte Osteuropas, Bd. 42 (1994), H. 2.
  24. «The Consequences of the Price Revolution in Russia,» in Cross A. G. and Smith G. S. (eds.) Literature, Lives, and Legality in Catherine’s Russia. Nottingham, UK: Astra Press, 1994.
  25. «Diet and Health of the Russian Population from the Mid-Nineteenth to the Beginning of the Twentieth Century,» in J. Komlos (ed.) The Biological Standard of Living on Three Continents. Further Exploration in Antropometric History (Boulder: Westview Press, 1995).
  26. «When and Why was Serfdom Abolished in Russia,» in Michael Bush (ed.) Serfdom and Slavery (London: Longman, 1996).
  27. «The Price of Expansion: The Nationality Problem in Russia of the Eighteenth-Early Twentieth Centuries,» in Inoue Koichi and Uyama Tomohiko (eds.) Quest for Models of Coexistence: national and Ethnic Dimensions of Changes in the Slavic Eurasian World. Sapporo, Japan: Slavic Research Center, Hokkaido University, 1998.
  28. «Social Policies of Catherine II and their Results: Establishment of Estate Paradigm in Law and Social Consciousness,» in E. H(bner, J. Kusber und P. Nitsche (ed.). Russland zur Ziet Katharinas II. Absolutismus-Aufkl(rung-Pragmatismus. K(ln, Weimar, Wien: B(hlau Verlag, 1998.
  29. «New Approaches to Old Problems: The Well-Being of the Population of Russia from 1821 to 1910 as Measured by Physical Stature,» Slavic Review, vol. 58, no. 1 (Spring 1999); Tall Requirements and ‘Small’ Reality», Ibid.
  30. «Has Post-Modernism Come to Russia? Comments on the Anthology «American Russian Studied»» // Kritika: Exploration in Russian and Eurasian History (USA). New Series. 2003. Vol. 4. No. 1. Winter. P.201-226.
  31. Russia: Modern Period // Oxford Encyclopedia of Economic History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.
  32. Encyclopedia of Russian History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004. Vol. 1-4: (1) Corporal Punishment // Vol. 1, p. 329-330; (2) Grain Trade (before 1917) // Vol. 2, p. 594-597; (3) V. O. Klyuchevskii // Vol. 2, pp. 759-760; (4) I A. Vyshnegradskii // Vol. 4, p. 1655; (5) Westernizers, (6) S. Yu. Witte // Vol. 4, pp. 1669-1671.
  33. The Burden of Grandeur: Physical and Economic Well-Being of the Russian Population in the Eighteenth Century // Living Standards in the Past: New Perspectives on Well-Being in Asia and Europe / Ed. By Robert C. Allen, Tommy Bengtsson and Martin Dribe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. P. 255-276.
  34. Russia and the West in the Light of the Modernization Paradigm // Jilin University Journal. Social Sciences Edition. 2006. No. 6. P. 101-107.
  35. Birth weight and physical stature in St. Petersburg: Living standards of women in Russia, 1980-2005 // Economics and Human Biology. March 2007. Vol. 5. No. 1. P. 123-143.
  36. Russian Living Standards under the Tsars: Anthropometric Evidence from the Volga // The Journal of Economic History. Vol. 68. No. 3 (September 2008). P. 900-929. In coauthorship with Brian A’Hearn.
  37. The Standard of Living of the Russian Population in the 18th — early 20th Centuries by Anthropometric
           Data // Russian History, vol. 36, nо. 1, 2009, pp. 47-61.
  38. New Directions Among Russian Historians: The Paradigm Shift in Contemporary Russian Studies:
    Guest Editor’s Introduction // Russian Studies in History. Spring 2009, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 3-7.
  39. The Myth of a Systemic Crisis in Russia after the Great Reforms of the 1860s – 70s // Russian Studies
    in History. Spring 2009, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 40-52.
  40. Wages and Prices in Imperial Russia, 1703–1913 // The Russian Review: An American Quarterly Devoted to Russia Past and Present. Vol. 69. No. 1. January 2010. P. 47—72.
  41. Development of Civil Society in Russia from the 19th  to Early 20th  Century // Social Sciences Front (China). 2011. No. 1. P. 233—244.


Russia in the 19th – early 20th Centuries: From the Tradition to the Modern. Book-length research